Who is a woman?
A woman is a female human being. The word woman is usually reserved for an adult, the girl is the usual term for a female child or adolescent. The plural women are also sometimes used for female humans, regardless of age, as in phrases such as “women’s rights”.Typically, a woman has two X chromosomes and is capable of pregnancy and giving birth from puberty until menopause. Female anatomy, as distinguished from male anatomy, includes the fallopian tubes, ovaries, uterus, vulva, breasts, Skene’s glands, and Bartholin’s glands. The female pelvis is wider than the male, the hips are generally broader, and women have significantly less facial and other body hair. On average, women are shorter and less muscular than men.
Throughout human history, traditional gender roles have often defined and limited women’s activities and opportunities; many religious doctrines stipulate certain rules for women that are obligatory. With restrictions loosening during the 20th century in many societies, women have gained access to careers beyond the traditional homemaker, and the ability to pursue higher education.
Violence against women, whether within families or in communities, has a long history and is primarily committed by men. Some women are denied reproductive rights. The movements and ideologies of feminism have a shared goal of achieving gender equality.The duties of a woman to her husband:
1- Contentment: Being content is one of the reasons for the ease of the heart; a woman should avoid alienating her husband from herself and from the home by her shamelessness and greed. Contentment means to feel content with what is sufficient and not to be greedy.
2- Obedience: A woman with whom her husband is pleased with, will live a happy life.
3- Cleanliness: paying attention to the places and things and keeping them in order, making sure her husband looks clean and kept always, not neglecting herself. Always wear nice scents.
4- Meeting his needs: To pay attention to the time when her husband eats a meal, not to pass the time for sleep, to prepare the meal and the bed in accordance with their(husband/wife) agreement.
5- Protecting his goods: To protect her husband’s image, reputation, and properties, because protecting this thing shows that she is a skillful woman.
6- Showing respect to relatives: To show respect to the relatives of her husband because if a woman shows respect to the relatives of her husband, it means she is a good wife and a good home manager.
7- Keeping secrets: A woman must not tell anyone the secrets of her husband. If she reveals his secrets, she will not only lose his trust, she has also disgraced herself because her husband is her crown.
8- Respect: To fulfill the orders of her husband, not to oppose him and to obey him. If she opposes him, she may cause him to have a grudge against her and become hostile toward her. In addition, it is not permissible for a man to force his wife to do something that he wants, the woman does not have to do things like that. However, it is better for her to do legitimate and positive things (even if she does not like it) for the peace and safety of the family in order to establish mutual respect among the members of the family.
Division of labor between the wife and husband in the family:
The family is one of the main holy things that need to be protected. Therefore, the family is not left unattended; someone that will protect the members of the family is deemed responsible as the head of the family. That person should be strong and powerful enough to make the other members obey him so that he will control those who go beyond the limits and keep them within the legitimate bounds. It will be the father and the husband that can act authoritatively in the family and make everybody obey him.
The head of the family is not completely independent. On the contrary, the head of the family is someone who undertakes the heavy burden of the responsibility of the family and to be the breadwinner.
That is, the responsibility of working outside and bringing home the bread lies in the father and the husband. The woman does not have to work outside and bring home the bread.- To bring water from the fountain, to knead the dough and bake bread, to clean the home and to arrange the things in the house e belong to a woman. The tasks outside the house belong to a man.
However, it is permissible for the man to help his wife to do housework and for the woman to help her husband outside the house. This should be an agreement between the couple.